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Children at Risk of Exploitation


Teenage girl looking down


Child Exploitation comes in many forms: Child Sexual Exploitation, Criminal Exploitation, Radicalisation and Child Trafficking.

Child Sexual Exploitation (CSE)

CSE is a form of child sexual abuse. It occurs where an individual or group takes advantage of an imbalance of power to coerce, manipulate or deceive a child or young person under the age of 18, into sexual activity

(a) in exchange for something the victim needs or wants, and/or

(b) for the financial advantage or increased status of the perpetrator or facilitator.

The victim may have been sexually exploited even if the sexual activity appears consensual.

Child sexual exploitation does not always involve physical  contact; it can also occur through the use of technology.

Child Criminal Exploitation (CE)

Criminal exploitation involves taking advantage of children and young people and forcing them to engage in various forms of criminal activity such as begging, pick-pocketing, credit card, benefit fraud and, the cultivation of cannabis for drug dealers.

Child Trafficking (MSHT)

Modern Slavery and Child Trafficking are forms of child abuse. Children are recruited, moved or transported and then exploited, forced to work or sold.

If you are a professional and have a concern that a child is being trafficked, please discuss an National Referral Mechanism (NRM) referral with Social Services or the Police - Please read the 7 minute biefing on the NRM for further information. If you are a member of the public please contact the Police on 101.

Radicalisation (PREVENT)

Radicalisation is the process by which a child comes to support terrorism and extremist ideologies associated with terrorist groups by coersive means.


Referring a Concern

If making a CE1 referral and you are also wanting a social care assessment, please also complete a service request form and submit both to Contact Care (previously known as the Contact Centre).


For more information on Child Exploitation click on the link: Listen To My Story

© St.Helens Council 2018